Brazil is the Latin American country with the most presence on the Forbes list, that’s where 89-year-old Mrs. Moraes comes from. Her fortune is currently 1.7 billion dollars, this places her in the 1135 position of the richest people in the world. Her money comes mainly from a family business founded by her late father in 1918, called Grupo Votorantim, one of the largest conglomerates of companies in the region, focusing mainly on energy, banking, mining, and metals businesses as well as infrastructure.
Olga D. González-Sanabria won an R&D 100 Award for her role in the development of the “Long Cycle-Life Nickel-Hydrogen Batteries” which help enable the International Space Station power system. Mercedes Reaves, research engineer and scientist who is responsible for the design of a viable full-scale solar sail and the development and testing of a scale model solar sail at NASA Langley Research Center.
Hispanics overall are the second-largest ethnic group in the United States, after non-Hispanic whites. After Native Americans, Hispanics are the oldest ethnic group to inhabit much of what is today the United States. Spain colonized large areas of what is today the American Southwest and West Coast, as well as Florida. Its holdings included present-day California, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Texas, all of which were part of Mexico from its independence in 1821 from Spain until the end of the Mexican–American War in 1848. Conversely, Hispanic immigrants to the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area derive from a broad spectrum of Latin American states.
Spanish spoken elsewhere throughout the country varies, although is generally Mexican Spanish. The geographic, political, social, economic and racial diversity of Hispanic and Latino Americans makes all Hispanics very different depending on their family heritage and/or national origin. Yet several features tend to unite Hispanics from these diverse backgrounds.
According to BN Americas, this group is operated between María Helena and her brother Ermirio Pereira, so it remains in the hands of her family. “2016 electorate will be the most diverse in U.S. history”. Founded in 1565, St. Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied settlement of European origin in the United States.
The Amerindian populations in Guatemala include the K’iche’ 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9% and Q’eqchi 6.3%. 8.6% of the population is “other Mayan,” 0.4% is indigenous non-Mayan, making the indigenous community in Guatemala about 38.9% of the population.
- These factors combined with the general violence caused many Guatemalans to look toward internal, intraregional, and international migration throughout the 1970s and 1980s.
- The infant mortality rate of from 1970–1973 in Guatemala was around 82%.
- These circumstances included an increasing unemployment rate as well as decreasing wages and opportunities in the rural sector.
- The unemployment rate was 25% and the poverty rate was at 84% In the 1970s, Guatemala experienced a culmination of factors that decreased their ability to uplift themselves from poverty.
Samuel A. Ramirez Sr. made Wall Street history by becoming the first Hispanic to launch a successful investment banking firm, Ramirez & Co. Nina Tassler is president of CBS Entertainment since September 2004. She is the highest-profile Latina in network television and one of the few executives who has the power to approve the airing or renewal of series.
Fermín Tangüis was an agriculturist and scientist who developed the Tangüis Cotton in Peru and saved that nation’s cotton industry. Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, was a co-winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Similarly, the Recording Industry Association of America incorporated “Los Premios de Oro y Platino” to certify Latin recordings which contains at least 50% of its content recorded in Spanish. Among the Hispanic American musicians who were pioneers in the early stages of rock and roll were Ritchie Valens, who scored several hits, most notably “La Bamba” and Herman Santiago, who wrote the lyrics to the iconic rock and roll song “Why Do Fools Fall in Love”. Miguel del Aguila wrote 116 works and has three Latin Grammy nominations. Hispanic and Latino Americans have made distinguished contributions to the United States in all major fields, such as politics, the military, music, film, literature, sports, business and finance, and science.
These disparities are leaving a growing portion of our population more vulnerable to poverty and its implications. Among Hispanic Americans, country of origin also has a strong impact on labor force participation. Hispanic workers are one of the fastest-growing populations in the labor force, yet many are still held back by structural http://studentletselschade.nl/5-winning-strategies-to-use-for-dominican-republic-women/ disparities and discrimination that result in low wages and other negative labor market outcomes. In addition to finding that unexplained wage gap for Hispanic women is greater than the aggregation of the absolute ethnic and gender effects, we also identify particular groups of Hispanic women at an even greater disadvantage.
The United States Department of Labor – Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs encourages the same self-identification. As a result, any individual who traces his or her origins to part of the Spanish Empire may self-identify as Hispanic, because an employer may not override an individual’s self-identification. The modern term to identify Portuguese and Spanish territories under a single nomenclature is “Iberian”, and the one to refer to cultures derived from both countries in the Americas is “Iberian-American”.
At Stanford University, Hispanics are the third largest ethnic group behind non-Hispanic Whites and Asians, at 18% of the student population. Undocumented immigrants have not always had access to compulsory education in the United States.